spell check

IJCS is distributed via JSTOR:  For more information about subscriptions, past issues and individual articles please go to IJCS at JSTOR

Contents & Abstracts



 IJCS 9.1

Editorial

This Issue
Al Campbell

On Western Bias Against Cuba
Denise Baden

Articles

Policy of Empowerment: Pope Francis in Cuba
Petra Kuivala

El Marco Institucional en la Transición Socialista y el Sistema De Dirección y Gestión de las Empresas de Propiedad Social
Luis del Castillo Sánchez

Cooperativas No Agropecuarias. Desafíos e Impactos para el Desempeño Socio-Productivo y el Desarrollo Local en el Contexto de Actualización del Modelo Económico Cubano
Euclides Catá Guilarte and Osnaide Izquierdo Quintana

Cuba’s Energy Revolution and 2030 Policy Goals: More Penetration of Renewable Energy in Electricity Generation
Mario Alberto Arrastía-Avila and Lisa M. Glidden

La Revolución Energética: A Model for Reducing Cuba’s Dependence on Venezuelan Oil
Tom Fletcher

Minority Report: Cuban Gays in the International Media
Emily J. Kirk

Birches Too Difficult to Cut Down: The Rejection and Assimilation of the Soviet Reference in Cuban Culture
Rafael Pedemonte

The Latin American School of Medicine (Elam): Admissions, Academics and Attitudes
Afra Mohamed Jiwa

Book Reviews

Samuel Farber, The Politics of Che Guevara: Theory and Practice
By Renzo Llorente

Francisco López Segrera, Cuba-EEUU: de enemigos cercanos a amigos distantes (1959–2015)
By Marcos Antonio da Silva

Leonard Ray Teel, Reporting the Cuban Revolution: How Castro Manipulated American Journalists
By David Grantham

THIS ISSUE

Al Campbell

ON WESTERN BIAS AGAINST CUBA

Denise Baden

POLICY OF EMPOWERMENT: POPE FRANCIS IN CUBA

Petra Kuivala

Abstract

This article evaluates the visit of Pope Francis to Cuba in September 2015 through interviews with significant actors in the events surrounding it. Encompassed with a multitude of expectations relating to the processes of change taking place in Cuba, the papal visit marked a historic moment both for the Catholic Church in Cuba and the Cuban state, also due to the conflictual history of the church–state relations and the increasingly active participation of the Catholic Church in Cuban society. A significant factor of the papal visit was the role of Pope Francis in the rapprochement between Cuba and the US. As the visit portrayed Pope Francis as an active participant in the processes of change that is occurring in Cuba, the article also examines the expectations, interpretations and outcomes of the visit as well as the role attributed to Pope Francis in contemporary Cuba.

Keywords: Pope Francis, Catholic Church, papal visit, Cuba

EL MARCO INSTITUCIONAL EN LA TRANSICIÓN SOCIALISTA Y EL SISTEMA DE DIRECCIÓN Y GESTIÓN DE LAS EMPRESAS DE PROPIEDAD SOCIAL

Luis del Castillo Sánchez

Resumen

En el artículo se analizan los retos en el perfeccionamiento de la empresa estatal cubana en el proceso de actualización del modelo económico, teniendo en cuenta las contradicciones que se han puesto de manifiesto entre el entorno político – jurídico e institucional y los procesos empresariales. En particular la mezcla de funciones estatales y empresariales bajo el predominio de las relaciones de propiedad social sobre los medios de producción, limita la clara separación de los roles de ambos, se confunden sus niveles de responsabilidad y se diluye la evaluación objetiva del desempeño del sistema empresarial. A partir de la Economía Institucional, se analizan a) las relaciones de agencia en la empresa estatal y el papel de la Junta de Gobierno; b) una propuesta de simplificación del entorno institucional para el sistema empresarial, y c) las bases para la implementación de los procesos de reestructuración o liquidación de empresas

Palabras claves: Cuba, Economía Cubana, Empresa Estatal, Gobierno Empresarial, Economía Institucional

Keywords: Cuba, Cuban Economy, State Enterprise, Enterprise Management, Institutional Economics

COOPERATIVAS NO AGROPECUARIAS. DESAFÍOS E IMPACTOS PARA EL DESEMPEÑO SOCIO-PRODUCTIVO Y EL DESARROLLO LOCAL EN EL CONTEXTO DE ACTUALIZACIÓN DEL MODELO ECONÓMICO CUBANO

Euclides Catá Guilarte

Osnaide Izquierdo Quintana

Resumen

La conformación y desarrollo de las cooperativas no agropecuarias constituye uno de los procesos más novedosos dentro de la llamada Actualización del Modelo Económico cubano. Al mismo tiempo, su desarrollo actual, a partir de las contradicciones inherentes a la implementación desde los actores decisores y los procesos estructurales y normativos que le deben dar sustento como Forma de Gestión de la Propiedad y el Trabajo parecen estar retando su capacidad para incorporarse efectivamente a uno de los presupuestos centrales de la Actualización, el desarrollo local. El presente artículo propone un acercamiento a esta realidad desde el análisis del funcionamiento y proyecciones de algunas cooperativas en la Habana.

Abstract

The constitution and development of the nonagricultural cooperatives is one of the most novel components of the process known as Updating the Cuban Economic Model. At the same time, the contradictions inherent in its implementation from the decisive actors, and from the structural and normative processes that should give it support such as the Form of Management of Property and Work, seem to be challenging their capacity to incorporate themselves into one of the central presuppositions of the current development of the Updating, local development. This work is presented as an examination of this reality though the analysis of the functioning and effects of some cooperatives in Havana.

Palabras claves: Cuba, cooperativas, desempeño socio productivo, Modelo de Gestión de la Propiedad y el Trabajo, Desarrollo Local

Keywords: Cuba, cooperatives, social productive performance, Model of Management of Property and Work, local development

CUBA’S ENERGY REVOLUTION AND 2030 POLICY GOALS: MORE PENETRATION OF RENEWABLE ENERGY IN ELECTRICITY GENERATION

Mario Alberto Arrastía-Avila

Lisa M. Glidden

Abstract

Cuba has been remarkably successful at revitalising its energy sector over the last two decades, significantly increasing efficiency and reducing energy intensity and emissions. This article analyses those successes and looks at the policy challenges ahead for Cuba to achieve its 2030 energy policy goals. We argue the nascent success of the 2006 Energy Revolution is due to its comprehensive approach, targeting infrastructure, consumption habits and people’s understanding of energy issues. We then examine some of Cuba’s current energy challenges, presenting data on Cuba’s energy mix as of 2014. We analyse the country’s proposed energy policy to achieve 24% penetration of renewable energies in electricity generation by 2030. The Cuban government has an array of policy tools, from stimulating domestic production to changing foreign investment regulations, in order to achieve its goals. One of the most significant recent policy shifts includes the External Investment Law, which creates a regulatory framework and policies, including ones to utilise and develop perspectives of renewable sources of energy that will help to expedite the path toward a diverse energy mix with a large presence of renewables.

Keywords: Cuba, energy revolution, renewable energy

LA REVOLUCIÓN ENERGÉTICA: A MODEL FOR REDUCING CUBA’S DEPENDENCE ON VENEZUELAN OIL

Tom Fletcher

Abstract

Given Cuba’s growing dependence on subsidised Venezuelan oil, which accounts for a majority of oil consumed in Cuba, any collapse in existing agreements could have wide-ranging consequences for the Cuban economy. As such, strategies to reduce this dependence, and to mitigate the impact of an end to subsidised oil, are becoming an increasingly important issue. This article aims to illustrate how aspects of Cuba’s so-called ‘Energy Revolution’ of 2005 can be drawn upon as part of a range of proposed solutions to the problem of over-dependence on Venezuelan oil. The article firstly investigates why a reduction in dependence is necessary. This is accomplished first through an examination of the oil agreement between the two countries, after which an assessment of the extent of Cuba’s dependence is presented, followed by an adjudication of the likelihood of a breakdown in agreements. Finally, this is used to evaluate how Cuba would be affected should Venezuelan oil subsidies end. The article then explores the potential of three strategies to reduce this dependence, and therefore the impact of any breakdown, or renegotiation of agreements. Particular attention is paid to evaluating the effect of existing government policies, and building the case for further work in each of the strategy areas, with the ultimate aim of making the Cuban economy more resilient to supply disruption from Venezuela.

Keywords: energy, oil, Venezuela, Cuba, dependency

MINORITY REPORT: CUBAN GAYS
IN THE INTERNATIONAL MEDIA

Emily J. Kirk

Abstract

Revolutionary Cuba has been a fixture in the international media for decades. Topics that made headlines around the globe have included Fidel Castro’s death, US–Cuba relations, visits to Havana by the Pope, Cuba’s international medical missions, and economic changes under Raúl Castro. One topic, however, which has been crucial to human development in contemporary Cuba, has received comparatively little media attention – sexual diversity (LGBT) rights. This study examines articles that focus on sexual diversity rights published from among the most popular news outlets of the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada. Two fundamental questions are addressed: what is the international media’s perception of sexual diversity rights in Cuba? And what does this suggest about the overall understanding of the Revolution?

Keywords: media, Mariela Castro Espín, CENESEX, LGBT, sexual diversity

BIRCHES TOO DIFFICULT TO CUT DOWN: THE REJECTION AND ASSIMILATION OF THE SOVIET REFERENCE IN CUBAN CULTURE

Rafael Pedemonte

Abstract

The concept of ‘nostalgia’ has been recently coined to characterise the remnants of the Soviet past and its psychological impact in Cuban society. This article claims that during the 1960s, relationships with the USSR engendered divergent reactions, sometimes accompanied by strong resistance, to the canons of the ‘International communism’. The Cuban revolutionary experience did not always match with Moscow’s priorities, especially in the cultural field, which was reflected on multiple debates about the appropriateness of applying the Soviet model. Although the 1970s and 1980s were decades of massive Soviet influences, producing in Cuba a growing adoption of the Socialist realism’s techniques, the fall of the Berlin wall and the Periodo Especial have generated a renovated way of expression. Nowadays, a post-Soviet generation of artists seeks to unveil the fractures produced by the definitive collapse of the illusions embodied by the Soviet Union.

Keywords: Cuba, USSR, literature, Socialist realism, Marxism, nostalgia

THE LATIN AMERICAN SCHOOL OF MEDICINE (ELAM): ADMISSIONS, ACADEMICS AND ATTITUDES

Afra Jiwa

Abstract

With the Cuban health system hailed as one of the best in the world, its doctors have a high reputation in the field of primary care in less-developed countries. This article provides an insight into the Latin American School of Medicine (Escuela Latinoamericana de Medicina (ELAM)) as a means of helping our understanding of the process involved in creating a medical workforce that is suited to the developing world. The article reviews the available peer-reviewed literature and evaluates additional media to make an assessment of the curriculum and teaching and learning experience at ELAM. The findings reveal an insightful way of selecting students from low-income backgrounds and teaching that mimics curricula seen at medical schools in the UK, with the addition of modules in homeopathic medicine and a focus on placements in primary care. The article reveals some problems for students who have struggled to adapt their skills to fit the healthcare systems in their home countries. Attitudes towards students are generally positive, though there are a number of reports on student welfare issues. The article concludes that the overwhelming impression is that students are happy to compromise on small comforts in exchange for a subsidised medical education.

Keywords: Cuba, ELAM, brain-gain, traditional and natural medicines, student brigades

© Copyright © 2013 Pluto Journals - Designed by Pluto